Nutrient Information: Molybdenum, Mo

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Nutrient Key Information 
Nutrient Name: Molybdenum, Mo
Nutrient Category: Minerals
Unit Name: µg
Nutrient Summary: Body uses molybdenum to process proteins and genetic material like DNA.
Nutrient Function: • Molybdenum functions as a cofactor for several enzymes which are involved in metabolizing sulfur-c ... (Continue the page to read more)


Sample Foods High in:
Molybdenum, Mo  ( Additional Top Food Sources )
Food Description Nutrient Amount1 Daily Value%2
Flour, whole wheat, unenriched
Category: Cereal Grains and Pasta
58.5 µg 130.00%
Beans, Dry, Brown (0% moisture)
Category: Legumes and Legume Products
1,150 µg 2,555.56%
Beans, Dry, Carioca (0% moisture)
Category: Legumes and Legume Products
962 µg 2,137.78%
Beans, Dry, Black (0% moisture)
Category: Legumes and Legume Products
920 µg 2,044.44%
Soy milk, unsweetened, plain, shelf stable
Category: Legumes and Legume Products
58.38 µg 129.73%
Flour, rice, brown
Category: Cereal Grains and Pasta
56.2 µg 124.89%
1 Nutrient amount is in 100 gram food
2 Use Female 31-50 years old as Daily Value reference


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Nutrient Detail Information
Nutrient Summary Body uses molybdenum to process proteins and genetic material like DNA.
Nutrient Function • Molybdenum functions as a cofactor for several enzymes which are involved in metabolizing sulfur-containing amino acids and heterocyclic compounds (such as purines and pyrimidines in DNA ).
• Your body uses molybdenum to process proteins and genetic material like DNA.
• Help to break down toxic substances and prevent the buildup of harmful sulfites in the body.
• Molybdenum is stored in the liver, kidney, adrenal glands, and bone.
Food Sources
Top Food Sources
• Beans: such as brown beans, Carioca beans, black beans
• Whole grains: such as whole wheat flour, brown rice
• Nuts
Deficiency Health Effects Molybdenum deficiency has not been observed in healthy people. A rare, usually fatal, genetic metabolic defect called molybdenum cofactor deficiency is resulted from the deficiency of molybdoenzymes.
Effects if Above Upper Limit Currently there is no data shown any association between excess molybdenum intake from food and beverages and adverse health outcomes for healthy people. Maybe it is because the excessive molybdenum is rapidly excreted in urine.

The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) is based on impaired reproduction and growth in animals fed with high levels of molybdenum.
External References Learn more at:
• The National Academies of Science, Engineering, Medicine publication: Dietary Reference Intakes
• NIH (National Institutes of Health) article: Molybdenum
• NIH (National Institutes of Health) article: Molybdenum for Health Professionals



Daily Value Age Group Recommended Daily Values Daily Value Upper Limits
Toddler 1 to 3 years old: 17 µg 300 µg
Child 4 to 8 years old: 22 µg 600 µg
Male 9 to 13 years old: 34 µg 1,100 µg
Male 14 to 18 years old: 43 µg 1,700 µg
Male 19 to 30 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Male 31 to 50 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Male 51 to 70 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Male Senior 71 or older: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Female 9 to 13 years old: 34 µg 1,100 µg
Female 14 to 18 years old: 43 µg 1,700 µg
Female 19 to 30 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Female 31 to 50 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Female 51 to 70 years old: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Female Senior 71 or older: 45 µg 2,000 µg
Female Pregnancy (>18): 50 µg 2,000 µg
Female Lactation (>18): 50 µg 2,000 µg
FDA (Based on 2000 calorie daily diet): 45 µg


Dietary Reference Intakes The nutrient Dietary Reference Intakes and nutrition facts is from Institute of Medicine of National Academies 2006. Dietary Reference Intakes: The Essential Guide to Nutrient Requirements. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/11537
US FDA Nutrition Education Nutrition facts knowledge are based on U.S. FOOD & DRUG Administration Nutrition Education Resources & Materials. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/interactivenutritionfactslabel/
National Institutes of Health Nutrition facts knowledge are based on National Institutes of Health Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/list-all
Disclaimer The nutrient information provided here should not take the place of medical advice. We encourage you to talk to your healthcare providers (such as your doctor) about your dietary requirements which are best for your overall health. We also recommend you to read organization or professional reference documents or articles mentioned, but not limited to, in this page. Any mentions and reference links in this page don't represent our endorsement of their services and advice.


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